1#ifndef STRING_LIST_H
2#define STRING_LIST_H
3
4/**
5 * The string_list API offers a data structure and functions to handle
6 * sorted and unsorted arrays of strings. A "sorted" list is one whose
7 * entries are sorted by string value in `strcmp()` order.
8 *
9 * The caller:
10 *
11 * . Allocates and clears a `struct string_list` variable.
12 *
13 * . Initializes the members. You might want to set the flag `strdup_strings`
14 * if the strings should be strdup()ed. For example, this is necessary
15 * when you add something like git_path("..."), since that function returns
16 * a static buffer that will change with the next call to git_path().
17 *
18 * If you need something advanced, you can manually malloc() the `items`
19 * member (you need this if you add things later) and you should set the
20 * `nr` and `alloc` members in that case, too.
21 *
22 * . Adds new items to the list, using `string_list_append`,
23 * `string_list_append_nodup`, `string_list_insert`,
24 * `string_list_split`, and/or `string_list_split_in_place`.
25 *
26 * . Can check if a string is in the list using `string_list_has_string` or
27 * `unsorted_string_list_has_string` and get it from the list using
28 * `string_list_lookup` for sorted lists.
29 *
30 * . Can sort an unsorted list using `string_list_sort`.
31 *
32 * . Can remove duplicate items from a sorted list using
33 * `string_list_remove_duplicates`.
34 *
35 * . Can remove individual items of an unsorted list using
36 * `unsorted_string_list_delete_item`.
37 *
38 * . Can remove items not matching a criterion from a sorted or unsorted
39 * list using `filter_string_list`, or remove empty strings using
40 * `string_list_remove_empty_items`.
41 *
42 * . Finally it should free the list using `string_list_clear`.
43 *
44 * Example:
45 *
46 * struct string_list list = STRING_LIST_INIT_NODUP;
47 * int i;
48 *
49 * string_list_append(&list, "foo");
50 * string_list_append(&list, "bar");
51 * for (i = 0; i < list.nr; i++)
52 * printf("%s\n", list.items[i].string)
53 *
54 * NOTE: It is more efficient to build an unsorted list and sort it
55 * afterwards, instead of building a sorted list (`O(n log n)` instead of
56 * `O(n^2)`).
57 *
58 * However, if you use the list to check if a certain string was added
59 * already, you should not do that (using unsorted_string_list_has_string()),
60 * because the complexity would be quadratic again (but with a worse factor).
61 */
62
63/**
64 * Represents an item of the list. The `string` member is a pointer to the
65 * string, and you may use the `util` member for any purpose, if you want.
66 */
67struct string_list_item {
68 char *string;
69 void *util;
70};
71
72typedef int (*compare_strings_fn)(const char *, const char *);
73
74/**
75 * Represents the list itself.
76 *
77 * . The array of items are available via the `items` member.
78 * . The `nr` member contains the number of items stored in the list.
79 * . The `alloc` member is used to avoid reallocating at every insertion.
80 * You should not tamper with it.
81 * . Setting the `strdup_strings` member to 1 will strdup() the strings
82 * before adding them, see above.
83 * . The `compare_strings_fn` member is used to specify a custom compare
84 * function, otherwise `strcmp()` is used as the default function.
85 */
86struct string_list {
87 struct string_list_item *items;
88 unsigned int nr, alloc;
89 unsigned int strdup_strings:1;
90 compare_strings_fn cmp; /* NULL uses strcmp() */
91};
92
93#define STRING_LIST_INIT_NODUP { NULL, 0, 0, 0, NULL }
94#define STRING_LIST_INIT_DUP { NULL, 0, 0, 1, NULL }
95
96/* General functions which work with both sorted and unsorted lists. */
97
98/**
99 * Initialize the members of the string_list, set `strdup_strings`
100 * member according to the value of the second parameter.
101 */
102void string_list_init(struct string_list *list, int strdup_strings);
103
104/** Callback function type for for_each_string_list */
105typedef int (*string_list_each_func_t)(struct string_list_item *, void *);
106
107/**
108 * Apply `want` to each item in `list`, retaining only the ones for which
109 * the function returns true. If `free_util` is true, call free() on
110 * the util members of any items that have to be deleted. Preserve
111 * the order of the items that are retained.
112 */
113void filter_string_list(struct string_list *list, int free_util,
114 string_list_each_func_t want, void *cb_data);
115
116/**
117 * Free a string_list. The `string` pointer of the items will be freed
118 * in case the `strdup_strings` member of the string_list is set. The
119 * second parameter controls if the `util` pointer of the items should
120 * be freed or not.
121 */
122void string_list_clear(struct string_list *list, int free_util);
123
124/**
125 * Callback type for `string_list_clear_func`. The string associated
126 * with the util pointer is passed as the second argument
127 */
128typedef void (*string_list_clear_func_t)(void *p, const char *str);
129
130/** Call a custom clear function on each util pointer */
131void string_list_clear_func(struct string_list *list, string_list_clear_func_t clearfunc);
132
133/**
134 * Apply `func` to each item. If `func` returns nonzero, the
135 * iteration aborts and the return value is propagated.
136 */
137int for_each_string_list(struct string_list *list,
138 string_list_each_func_t func, void *cb_data);
139
140/** Iterate over each item, as a macro. */
141#define for_each_string_list_item(item,list) \
142 for (item = (list)->items; \
143 item && item < (list)->items + (list)->nr; \
144 ++item)
145
146/**
147 * Remove any empty strings from the list. If free_util is true, call
148 * free() on the util members of any items that have to be deleted.
149 * Preserve the order of the items that are retained.
150 */
151void string_list_remove_empty_items(struct string_list *list, int free_util);
152
153/* Use these functions only on sorted lists: */
154
155/** Determine if the string_list has a given string or not. */
156int string_list_has_string(const struct string_list *list, const char *string);
157int string_list_find_insert_index(const struct string_list *list, const char *string,
158 int negative_existing_index);
159
160/**
161 * Insert a new element to the string_list. The returned pointer can
162 * be handy if you want to write something to the `util` pointer of
163 * the string_list_item containing the just added string. If the given
164 * string already exists the insertion will be skipped and the pointer
165 * to the existing item returned.
166 *
167 * Since this function uses xrealloc() (which die()s if it fails) if the
168 * list needs to grow, it is safe not to check the pointer. I.e. you may
169 * write `string_list_insert(...)->util = ...;`.
170 */
171struct string_list_item *string_list_insert(struct string_list *list, const char *string);
172
173/**
174 * Remove the given string from the sorted list. If the string
175 * doesn't exist, the list is not altered.
176 */
177extern void string_list_remove(struct string_list *list, const char *string,
178 int free_util);
179
180/**
181 * Check if the given string is part of a sorted list. If it is part of the list,
182 * return the coresponding string_list_item, NULL otherwise.
183 */
184struct string_list_item *string_list_lookup(struct string_list *list, const char *string);
185
186/*
187 * Remove all but the first of consecutive entries with the same
188 * string value. If free_util is true, call free() on the util
189 * members of any items that have to be deleted.
190 */
191void string_list_remove_duplicates(struct string_list *sorted_list, int free_util);
192
193
194/* Use these functions only on unsorted lists: */
195
196/**
197 * Add string to the end of list. If list->strdup_string is set, then
198 * string is copied; otherwise the new string_list_entry refers to the
199 * input string.
200 */
201struct string_list_item *string_list_append(struct string_list *list, const char *string);
202
203/**
204 * Like string_list_append(), except string is never copied. When
205 * list->strdup_strings is set, this function can be used to hand
206 * ownership of a malloc()ed string to list without making an extra
207 * copy.
208 */
209struct string_list_item *string_list_append_nodup(struct string_list *list, char *string);
210
211/**
212 * Sort the list's entries by string value in `strcmp()` order.
213 */
214void string_list_sort(struct string_list *list);
215
216/**
217 * Like `string_list_has_string()` but for unsorted lists. Linear in
218 * size of the list.
219 */
220int unsorted_string_list_has_string(struct string_list *list, const char *string);
221
222/**
223 * Like `string_list_lookup()` but for unsorted lists. Linear in size
224 * of the list.
225 */
226struct string_list_item *unsorted_string_list_lookup(struct string_list *list,
227 const char *string);
228/**
229 * Remove an item from a string_list. The `string` pointer of the
230 * items will be freed in case the `strdup_strings` member of the
231 * string_list is set. The third parameter controls if the `util`
232 * pointer of the items should be freed or not.
233 */
234void unsorted_string_list_delete_item(struct string_list *list, int i, int free_util);
235
236/**
237 * Split string into substrings on character `delim` and append the
238 * substrings to `list`. The input string is not modified.
239 * list->strdup_strings must be set, as new memory needs to be
240 * allocated to hold the substrings. If maxsplit is non-negative,
241 * then split at most maxsplit times. Return the number of substrings
242 * appended to list.
243 *
244 * Examples:
245 * string_list_split(l, "foo:bar:baz", ':', -1) -> ["foo", "bar", "baz"]
246 * string_list_split(l, "foo:bar:baz", ':', 0) -> ["foo:bar:baz"]
247 * string_list_split(l, "foo:bar:baz", ':', 1) -> ["foo", "bar:baz"]
248 * string_list_split(l, "foo:bar:", ':', -1) -> ["foo", "bar", ""]
249 * string_list_split(l, "", ':', -1) -> [""]
250 * string_list_split(l, ":", ':', -1) -> ["", ""]
251 */
252int string_list_split(struct string_list *list, const char *string,
253 int delim, int maxsplit);
254
255/*
256 * Like string_list_split(), except that string is split in-place: the
257 * delimiter characters in string are overwritten with NULs, and the
258 * new string_list_items point into string (which therefore must not
259 * be modified or freed while the string_list is in use).
260 * list->strdup_strings must *not* be set.
261 */
262int string_list_split_in_place(struct string_list *list, char *string,
263 int delim, int maxsplit);
264#endif /* STRING_LIST_H */
265